Previous Article Next Article Can money buy employee happiness? In the first of a series on recentresearch surrounding big HR themes, Stephen Overell looks at the evidence andexplores alternative ways of boosting staff morale Gordon Bethune, chairman and CEO of Continental Airlines, recently returnedto his alma mater, the Jones Graduate School of Management, Texas, to let flysome pearls of wisdom to star-struck MBA students. He described his tactics for turning around the company, which had suffereddire industrial relations, poor customer service and an atmosphere of perpetualfinancial crisis. His aim, he told them, was to enable employees to “findhappiness at work”. How? Monthly $100 bonuses for hitting targets, andperiodic giveaways of Ford Explorers for epic individual performance. Itworked. Rhetorical schmooze aside, his remarks will probably strike readers aseither plain common sense (more money means people’s satisfaction with theirlot improves), or big-headed folly (money can’t buy happiness). But, alas, it’snot so simple. Indeed, some economists would suggest that if happiness werereally the intention, Bethune might have been better advised to slash his workers’salaries in the name of their well-being. Does money matter? The root of the problem is that whenever people are asked what would makethem happier, they answer in economic terms, placing money above both healthand family. Yet academic research into the relationship of income to happinesshave not always confirmed their choice. In one study1, researchers asked 1,000 relatively well-off people to ratethemselves on a happiness scale of one (miserable) to five (joyous) with threebeing ‘can’t complain’. They found the less well-off happier than thebetter-off. Such a counter-intuitive result is not borne out by the big nationalhousehold surveys on happiness. In both Europe and the US, rich people arehappier than poor people, as is to be expected. Yet there are idiosyncrasies. Professor Richard Easterlin of the Universityof Southern California argues that if rich people are happier than poor, itmight logically be expected that gains in income would make people happier,with happiness rising over a lifetime in line with increasing income. But thatwasn’t the case2. Further, when national comparisons are analysed, the results are depressing.On accepted measures of happiness (getting people to rate their feelings)happiness peaked in most of Europe in the early 1960s and in America in 1957.Since then it has remained fairly stable or declined, despite massive rises inincome. Only France has become happier. According to a study by two Swiss economists3, international comparisonsshow Austria as one of the unhappiest countries, significantly unhappier thanNigeria. Andrew Oswald, a professor at Warwick University, and the godfather of‘happinomics’ takes the traditional view – that money does indeed bringhappiness. His work into the recipients of windfalls, such as lottery winners,has found that £1,000 can lift an outlook, while £1m harvests permanentjouissance. Yet, even here, there are grim eccentricities: the most unhappyworkers are middle-aged, have a university degree, work for a big company andhave been in their job for a number of years4. Moving goalposts How are we to explain this? Both professors Easterlin and Oswald put thisdown to aspiration rising with income: we have more, we want more. We areprisoners of an insatiable appetite for material wealth, with graduates inparticular suffering constantly inflating aspirations. Samuel Johnson got it right: “Life is a progress from want towant,” he wrote, “not from enjoyment to enjoyment”. The fantasy of both professors is that some kind of co-ordinated slowdown,taking the benefit of increased wealth as increased leisure might result ingreater happiness – one potential explanation of why France, with itsshortening work hours, is happier. Obviously, it would be preposterous for Bethune to cut pay to cheer peopleup. But if the relationship of income to happiness is a little fuzzy, it doesraise the practical question of whether staff can contribute to such ametaphysical thing as happiness. It appears the answer is a tentative ‘yes’. Despite happiness going down andincome going up, among the British workforce generally, there is a fairlypositive attitude to work – although it has declined slightly over recentyears. Pinning down the essence of work satisfaction is easy, and forms a venerabletradition reaching back to the 19th century social reformers. Yet theintriguing implication of some of the modern research is that certain workpractices can add to greater life satisfaction. Oswald suggests that the more autonomy workers have in their roles and overthe tasks they do, the happier they are. The tighter the control over how a jobis done, especially if there is control exerted over the pace of work, thelower measures of life satisfaction are likely to be. Work-life balance Naturally, work is just one aspect in a complicated cocktail of ingredientsfor life satisfaction. Yet the CIPD has also detected a relationship betweenmany of the concepts that make up the bread and butter of HR departments and oflife satisfaction5. Employers have little control over whether people are single or divorced, amajor cause of life unhappiness. But they do have some control over other keyfactors in life happiness: a supportive climate at work, a positivepsychological contract, a sense of employability, participation in decisionsand autonomy in how they do their jobs. Work spills directly into life as far as happiness is concerned. HRpractitioners hoping to radiate beneficence into the world should know what todo. The bad news is that for them, personally, a poor happiness rating seems tobe their destiny. Managers and graduates are not happy – possibly because ofthat constant pricking of aspiration. Given that management does affect happiness so acutely, it is tempting tospeculate that certain jobs have an inherent quality – a measurable impact onwell-being. An absorbing meditation on this subject by the Department of Tradeand Industry in winter 2000 sought to find out if it was possible to measurethe quality of jobs6. Into the calculus it factored ‘external’ characteristicssuch as work time, financial rewards, work-life balance, job security andopportunities for advancement. ‘Intrinsic’ attributes included the role, thecontent of the job, intensity, risk of illness, injury and so on. It was not to be. The DTI report ends by rejecting the idea: “Jobquality as a cut-and-dried concept is not feasible unless one is prepared tomake value judgements about how important different job characteristics are inrelation to each other.” So is Bethune’s strategy for piloting happiness entirely daft? It would seemnot: adding a little is quite probably within his power. Did he go about it theright way with his $100 bonuses and Ford Explorers? Questionable. Doeshappiness result in better work performance? Sadly, we can’t answer that one. References 1. Your Money or Your Life, Joe Dominguez and Vicki Robin, Penguin, 1999 2. Income and Happiness: Towards a Unified Theory, Richard Easterlin,Economic Journal, July 2001 3. Happiness and Economics, Brune Frey and Alois Stutzer, PrincetonUniversity Press, 2001 4. www.oswald.co.uk 5. Public and Private Sector Perspectives on the Psychological Contract,CIPD, 2001 6. Job Quality and Job Security, Labour Market Trends, vol 108, October2001; www.xperthr.co.uk www.xperthr.co.ukStephen Overell is commentary editor of XpertHR, a newweb-based information service bringing together leading information providers:IRS, LexisNexis, Butterworths Tolley and Personnel Today. It features a newButterworths Tolley employment law reference manual, a research database andguidance from 13 specialist IRS journals, including IRS Employment Review. The pursuit of staff happinessOn 22 Jan 2002 in Personnel Today Comments are closed. Related posts:No related photos.
Union secures Levi’s severance dealOn 2 Apr 2002 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Article Workersat Levi Strauss’s two Scottish plants have accepted a severance package”second to none” in the textile industry, according to the GMB union.Theproduction centres at Dundee and at Bellshill in Lanarkshire are to close nextmonth due to economic pressures.GMBScotland senior organiser in the clothing and textile section, Ian King, saidthe union had fought to keep the plants open, but a report produced byProfessor Robert van der Meer, of Strathclyde University’s Business School, hadmade it plain that this was not feasible.Professorvan der Meer said currency exchange rates were the deciding factor in thedecision to close the factories – not poor workforce performance. Kingsaid: “The agreement is the same for workers at both plants. We have beenable to negotiate a significant package for our members.”Hesaid Levi’s has ordered a payout substantially higher than is required by law.”Itis a really good deal and we expect some members to receive more than£30,000,” he said. “Talks have reached a satisfactory conclusion andwe have secured a severance pay deal second to none in the clothing and textileindustry in Scotland.””Allour energies were devoted to getting the best deal possible for ourmembers.” Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed.
Applicants must submit the following documents using the onlineapplication: Supervises staff and directs security operations and processimprovement activities, and collects and analyses data to providesecurity for institution properties, students, staff, and visitors.Serves as a liaison to law enforcement officials, vendors,institutional stakeholders, and the public.This person will : Responsibilities TO ENSURE CONSIDERATION: Applications received by January 20,2021, are ensured full consideration. Applications receivedafter that date may be given consideration at the discretion of thesearch committee. Application materials will be evaluated and themost qualified applicants will be invited to participate in thenext step of the selection process. Incomplete and/or lateapplication materials may not receive consideration.If you have questions regarding this recruitment, or if you are notable to complete the application online due to a disability orsystem problem, please contact the Office of Human Resources. Compensation:$17.60 – $19.00 FLSA Status:Nonexempt Oversee our enforcement needs including our new operations atthe Fox Cities Campus.Train new officers and Community Service Officers (CSOs) onparking rules and regulations including the use of License PlateRecognition (LPR) technology for enforcement.Handle collections on pay stations/meters.Plan and provide cones/barricades as needed.Provide coverage for our shuttle driver when necessary. 1. Must have, or have the ability to obtain, a valid WI driver’slicense and be authorized to drive a University vehicle uponhire.2. Have and maintain a safe driving record – position is requiredto drive on patrol and move between the Oshkosh campus and FoxCities campus.3. Strong customer service skills including experience working wellunder pressure. The position will require the de-escalation ofpeople who are in a heightened emotional state.4. Demonstrated commitment to Diversity, Equity, &Inclusion. For questions regarding your application and additional options toapply, contact Human Resources at [email protected] or920-424-1166.The University of Wisconsin System is engaged in a Title andTotal Compensation (TTC) project to redesign job titles andcompensation structures. As a result of the TTC project, officialjob titles on current job postings may change in 2021. Job dutiesand responsibilities will remain the same. For more informationplease visit: wisconsin.edu/ohrwd/title-and-total-compensation-study/. Legal Notices: To Apply: Position Summary: Assists in the development of policies and procedures, andcommunicates recommendations to leadership.Schedules logistics and secures resources to complete theinstallation and monitoring of security equipment.Collects data and prepares reports on unit activities according toestablished policies and procedures.Exercises supervisory authority, including hiring, transferring,suspending, promoting, managing conduct and performance,discharging, assigning, rewarding, disciplining, and/or approvinghours worked.Directs, coordinates, and monitors the logistical operations of asecurity unit and/or supervises the activities of unit staff. Official Title:Security Supervisor – Nonexempt – With Exempt Vacation Required: ResumeCover LetterContact information for three references Employment Class:University Staff Preferred:1. High technological fluency and/or experience withenforcement technology, License Plate Recognition (LPR)hardware/software, and mobile parking solutions.2. Experience and comfort driving vehicles of various sizes.3. Demonstrated history of accurate log/record keeping andfiles.4. Prior enforcement and/or related experience. Working Title:Parking Enforcement Supervisor Qualifications Application Deadline: FTE:1.0 Terms of Employment:Continuous AA/EO StatementThe University of Wisconsin Oshkosh (UWO) is an equal opportunityand affirmative action employer committed to assembling a diverse,broadly trained faculty and staff. We strongly encourage women,minorities, people with disabilities and veterans to apply. UWO, incompliance with applicable laws and in furtherance of itscommitment to fostering an environment that welcomes and embracesdiversity, does not discriminate on the basis of race, color,national origin, religion, sex, sexual orientation, genderidentity/expression, disability, or protected veteran status.DEI StatementDiversity drives innovation, creativity, and progress. At theUniversity of Wisconsin Oshkosh, the culture, identities, lifeexperiences, unique abilities, and talents of every individualcontribute to the foundation of our success. Creating andmaintaining an inclusive and equitable environment is of paramountimportance to us. This pursuit prepares all of us to be globalcitizens who will contribute to the betterment of the world. We arecommitted to a university culture that provides everyone with theopportunity to thrive.Reasonable AccommodationsUWO provides reasonable accommodations to qualified individualswith disabilities who are employees or applicants for employment.Employment opportunities will not be denied because of the need tomake reasonable accommodations for a qualified individual with adisability. If you need assistance or accommodation in applyingbecause of a disability, please contact [email protected] or 920-424-1166.This job announcement and other material on this site will be madeavailable in alternate formats upon request to an individual with adisability.Confidentiality of Applicant MaterialsUWO is a State agency and subject to Wisconsin’s Open Records Law.UWO will not, however, reveal the identities of applicants whorequest confidentiality in writing except as may be required byWisconsin’s Open Records law. In certain circumstances, theidentities of “final candidates” and/or the identity of theappointed applicant must be revealed upon request.CBC & Reference Check PolicyAll candidates for employment are subject to a pre-employmentscreening which includes a criminal background check, workauthorization, and verification of education. It will also requireyou and your references to answer questions regarding sexualviolence and sexual harassment.Work AuthorizationThe University of Wisconsin Oshkosh does not offer H-1B or otherwork authorization visa sponsorship for this position. Candidatesmust be legally authorized to work in the United States at the timeof hire and maintain work authorization throughout the employmentterm.Annual Security and Fire Safety Report (Clery Act)For the UWO Annual Security and Fire Safety Reports (i.e., CleryReport), which includes statistics about reported crimes andinformation about campus security policies, see https://uwosh.edu/police/ , or callUWOs Police Department, at (920) 424-1212 for a paper copy.
Charlie Coverman, Beatrice Barr and Jack Solomon have been contacted for comment. Stephen Horvath and Lee Chin Wee declined to comment. Speaking to Cherwell, Union President Genevieve Athis said: “I think it is a great shame that rather than engaging in a meaningful conversation with the Treasurer about the appointment of the DSC Sponsorship Officers, the CDSC lost his temper and had to resort to shouting at the Treasurer in the street. In response to the meeting at which Barr and Solomon were appointed, formerPresident Stephen Horvath sent an email to members of the Debate SelectionCommittee in which he complained that “few [members of the committee] seem tounderstand what they are talking about.” A version of this article which appeared in print did not make it sufficiently clear that procedural objections were the primary focus of Stephen Horvath’s email to the DSC’s members. Horvath also wrote that the limitations imposed by Rule 65 meant that “the Junior Treasurer(-elect) has always been involved in the selection of the DSC Sponsorship Officer(s). In the same email, Horvath further accused a claim by the committee’s chair, Lee Chin Wee, that the position of Debate Sponsorship Officer had been “created in order for Mr Stephen Horvath to raise money and run for Treasurer” of “maligning my character”. Cherwell understands that Lee Chin Wee has subsequently apologised for this. On the night of the 23rd, however, Coverman left the chamberwithout raising the motion, and one Union official alleged that this wasbecause: “It became clear that [the Treasurer] did not have the support in thechamber to pass it, so left rather than bring it.” “The debate committee cares about broadening access to debating, especiallyto schools throughout the UK, not about Union politics. However, according to the minutes of Monday’s meeting of the Consultative Committee, when asked by the chair of the Debate Seletion Committee, Lee Chin Wee, why he had withdrawn the motion, Coverman responded that: “he didn’t appreciate being shouted at by him (Lee Chin Wee) on the street, and didn’t appreciate being told by a colleague that there’s a ‘special wing in Hell’ for him, and that after such events did not feel that he wanted to follow through with the proceedings”. The motion, supported by 30 members, including ex-President Stephen Horvath and ex-Treasurers James Lamming and Amy Gregg, read: “I, Charlie Coverman (Treasurer) hereby give notice of my intention to bring the following Special Adjournment Motion to the Public Business Meeting on Thursday 23rd May: This House Rejects The Decision of DSC on Sunday 19th May to appoint Beatrice Barr (St Peter’s College) and Jack Solomon (St Peter’s College) as DSC Sponsorship Officers”. Under the Union’s rule 65 business partnership contracts can only be signedby a member of Standing Committee, the Treasurer, or the Treasurer-Elect, withthe Treasurer able to veto any contracts signed by other officers. Several Union officials have alleged that this motion, raised by Treasurer Charlie Coverman, was primarily aimed at preventing Barr’s nomination, although sources close to the Treasurer have denied this. It is unknown who the second colleague mentioned is. In addition to these complaints, Horvath claimed that he was “shocked thatDSC did not conduct an interview process and allow candidates to presentthemselves” and noted that he was “confused as to why the DSC did not consultthe Treasurer or Treasurer-Elect.” At the time, one former member of the DSC, Louis Collier, told Cherwell: “It’s disappointing thatCharlie Coverman sought to politicise a debate committee decision. “It is important that the DSC Sponsorship Officer and the Treasurer(-elect) have a good working relationship.” “The CDSC did issue a formal apology to the ex-President Stephen Horvath for his comments about the latter in a recent meeting of the DSC, which he later admitted to be false so I do not feel that this needs to be addressed any further. “ “Although the Sponsorship Officers were appointed without consultation with the Treasurer or Treasurer-Elect, which I think would have been useful as the Sponsorship Officers cannot raise money without the cooperation of these Officers (under Rule 65), I do not think that their appointment directly violated the rules and therefore I do not intend to carry out a more formal review. Thenomination of two new Debate Selection Committee Sponsorship Officers for theOxford Union has sparked controversy amidst accusations of proceduralimpropriety, including an abandoned “SpecialAdjournment Motion”challenging the nomination. “I am heartened that he came to the inevitable conclusion that his positionwas indefensible and chose to abandon it at the last minute.”
CoronavirusIndianaLocalNewsSouth Bend Market Notre Dame Basilica reopens for Mass on May 24th Twitter Pinterest Facebook Previous articlePresident plans trip to east Michigan on ThursdayNext articleElkhart Police search for suspect in Monday shooting Tommie Lee WhatsApp By Tommie Lee – May 18, 2020 0 474 (“Basilica of the Sacred Heart (#0720)” by regan76, CC BY 2.0) The Basilica will reopen for Mass this weekend at Notre Dame.The Basilica of the Sacred Heart on the campus of Notre Dame will reopen for public Masses on Sunday.The University says the decision was reached following the guidelines of the state government as well as the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend regarding safe gathering and worship. There will be restrictions in place until further notice, and you can find a link to those by clicking here.Mass will continue to be live-streamed from the Basilica, as well. Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest Google+ Twitter Google+
Welsh bakery Henllans is planning expansion to meet product demand across the UK and US.The company own three sites in Denbigh – one is a bakery, one is used for storage and will be converted into a second bakery and the third is a plot that can be used as seen fit. There is not yet a time scale attached to the conversion, but director Ed Moore told British Baker he hoped it would happen soon.The company supplies around 800 customers in the UK, a growing number in the US, has just started supplying the Middle East and is in talks with a couple of airlines to supply inflight cakes.“We have run out of space at the bakery and will hopefully convert another plot soon,” said Moore.“We are producing really good-quality products and have been doing trade shows. I was in Dubai recently and New York later this month and the demand is there for good-quality British products.”The company’s best-seller is its fruit cake, made with a traditional Welsh recipe.
Show Closed This production ended its run on Jan. 18, 2015 Related Shows View Comments Rock of Ages The cast of Rock of Ages had a very special guest join the ’80s party on November 15—pop superstar Ariana Grande! The Broadway vet, who made her debut on the Great White Way in 13 when she was 15 years old, headed back to Times Square to cheer on her half-brother Frankie J. Grande, who is currently playing Franz in the hit rock musical. Check out this adorable shot of Frankie, Ariana and the cast hanging out backstage, then see Rock of Ages at the Helen Hayes Theatre!
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic – Dominican authorities incinerated more than 11 metric tons of narcotics in 2013, including a record amount of cocaine, in what the attorney general said was the result of better coordination among agencies fighting an increase in drug smuggling through the Caribbean nation. In confiscating nearly 10 metric tons of cocaine, the country topped the record it set for seizures in 2012, when it nabbed around nine metric tons. Dominican Attorney General Francisco Domínguez Brito said 2013 was marked by work from the nation’s various law enforcement and counter-narcotics agencies. “We have managed to strengthen coordination in all matters, in investigations and in prosecutions, and this has allowed us to strike blows against drug trafficking and drug dealing, as well as money laundering,” he said in a prepared statement. On Dec. 30, Brito’s office announced the final of 52 controlled incinerations of illicit drugs seized during the year. The National Forensic Science Institute (INACIF) said it registered 11.2 metric tons of illicit drugs confiscated and destroyed. Of that total, 88% – or 9.875 metric tons – was cocaine. Marijuana, crack and heroin represented the balance. The weekly incinerations concluded for the year on Dec. 28, according to INACIF. The 2013 seizures marked another record year of confiscations for Dominican law enforcement agencies. In 2012, agents confiscated just over 10 metric tons of illicit drugs, with nearly nine tons being cocaine. In 2011, officials seized 6.7 metric tons of cocaine, up from 4.85 metric tons in 2010. The steady rise in seizures in recent years is a sign that drug traffickers are increasingly targeting Dominican shorelines to ship South American cocaine to markets in the United States and Europe. Authorities have warned that the ongoing conflicts between criminal organizations and authorities in Central America and Mexico are pushing more smuggling to the Caribbean, a once popular transit route that was largely abandoned years ago. The Dominican Republic remains the largest transshipment point in the Caribbean, according to the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, which provides assistance to Dominican counter-narcotics agencies. While Dominican authorities nearly have eliminated the use of small drug flights – which once bombarded the shorelines and fields with regular cocaine drops – drug traffickers increasingly have turned to maritime channels. Speedboats and small fishing vessels have been found carrying major shipments of drugs from South America. In October, authorities carried out a raid in Punta Salina, near the southeastern city of Baní, seizing 1,110 kilograms of cocaine. In the same area months earlier in March, agents busted a smuggling operation and caught 1,860 kilograms of the drug in the Ocoa Bay that had been shipped from Colombia through Venezuela by go-fast boat. In the same bay in May, agents took down a 1,500-kilogram shipment and arrested a Dominican allegedly involved in the operation. What’s more, Dominican authorities have found evidence that Mexican drug cartels are using the country as a type of regional logistics hub, or warehouse, for storing and moving cocaine. In September, authorities discovered and dismantled for the first time a cocaine-processing laboratory on a ranch west of the capital, Santo Domingo. Along with equipment for processing drugs, authorities seized 230 kilograms of cocaine, police said. Analysts saw that evidence as another worrisome sign that international criminal elements were establishing themselves in the country. Brito said for that reason it remains important that the National Drug Control Office, Defense Ministry, police and prosecutors coordinate activities. “We will continue working together under a joint strategy. We already have said that under no circumstances will we allow drug lords and organized criminal groups to operate with impunity in our territory,” he said. “We will be consistent in this regard.” By Dialogo January 08, 2014
By AFP May 17, 2019 Some 1,100 members of the ELN, 45 percent of the fighters of the Guevarista guerrilla group, are taking refuge in Venezuela, said the commander of the Colombian Armed Forces, on May 8. “We are talking about 45 percent of ELN troops, about 1,100 men,” General Luis Fernando Navarro told reporters in the city of Cartagena. The National Liberation Army (ELN), recognized as Colombia’s last guerrilla group after the disarming of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in 2017, has some 2,300 combatants and an extensive support network, a source from the Armed Forces told AFP. Navarro said that among the rebels who take refuge in the oil nation, with which Colombia shares a porous border of 2,200 kilometers, there are members of the Central Command (COCE), the ELN’s governing body and its general staff. The official said that the guerrilla commander, Gustavo Anibal Giraldo, known as Pablito, “remains” in the Venezuelan state of Apure. Pablito, for whom the Colombian government is offering a reward of $1.3 million, is their strongest hard-liner with the greatest amount of firepower in the Guevarista group, according to experts. “We have always said that there remain those structures and their leaders,” said the general. Since the government of former President Álvaro Uribe (2002-10), Colombia has claimed that Venezuela gives refuge to the ELN and to unarmed FARC members, accusations that Caracas denies. The countries of the Lima Group — of which Colombia is a member — rejected in a communiqué on Friday “the protection” by the regime of Nicolás Maduro “to terrorist groups operating in the territory of Colombia.”
An East Jakarta court ordered the government on Wednesday to grant financial compensation to victims of a bomb attack that occurred in a residential area of Sibolga, North Sumatra, in March 2019, a victim-protection agency has announced.The compensation totaled Rp 1.7 billion (US$124,156) for the 152 victims. The Witness and Victim Protection Agency (LPSK) said it appreciated the verdict. LPSK deputy chair Susilaningtias said the compensation was awarded differently from other terror attack cases. Traditionally, compensation went towards repairing destroyed buildings, houses and electronics, she said.In the Sibolga case, the compensation will also cover living expenses for the victims, who have lost jobs and have suffered lasting effects from severe wounds sustained in the attacks.“Initially, it was difficult for us to list and count the victims’ financial losses. However, we eventually found a way, hence the compensation,” Susi said in a statement that was made available to The Jakarta Post on Friday.The Sibolga attack was the first case for the agency’s newly formed compensation assessment team, she added. The agency formed the team to measure and assess financial losses for victims of crime, including terrorism.“Especially in this case, the LPSK also received help from the Sibolga public works agency and the spatial agency,” said Susi.The court also handed down guilty verdicts to Rinto Sugiarto, Asmar Husin, Azmil Khiar Simanjuntak, Heryanto Chaniago, Zulkarnaen Panggabean and Rosliana for their involvement in the attack. They received various sentences, from six years to life imprisonment.Topics :